The Iowa Catholic Conference is monitoring three “priority” issues moving through the Iowa Capitol.
It discussed Senate Study Bill 1004, which would allow for the death penalty in cases where a minor is kidnapped, raped and murdered by an adult. Currently, the maximum penalty for kidnapping and raping a child in Iowa is the same as if you kidnap, rape and murder the child.
The Iowa Catholic Conference spoke against the legislation and is encouraging its members to contact their legislator and express their opposition to the death penalty.
The Iowa Bishops’ statement on the proposal is included below:
“We speak in opposition to the use of the death penalty in any form and to its possible reinstatement in Iowa.
Marking the 25th anniversary of the Catechism of the Catholic Church last fall, Pope Francis said the death penalty is, in itself, “contrary to the Gospel, because a decision is voluntarily made to suppress a human life, which is always sacred in the eyes of the Creator and of whom, in the last analysis, only God can be the true judge and guarantor.”
It is a duty of the state to punish offenders and defend the common good. However, in a modern society where the death penalty is not needed to maintain public safety, punishment must “correspond to the concrete conditions of the common good and [be] more in conformity to the dignity of the human person,” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2267). For example, in Iowa, a conviction of first-degree murder means life in prison without parole.
In addition, the application of the death penalty has been deeply flawed in our country:
- More than 160 persons have been found innocent while on death row. It is likely that innocent persons have been executed.
- There is racial bias. More than three-fourths of death row defendants have been executed for killing white victims, even though African-Americans make up about half of all homicide victims.
- The use of the death penalty is a long and costly process, more expensive than life without parole.
We oppose reinstatement of the death penalty in order to send the message that the cycle of violence can be broken without taking life. We ask the people of Iowa, and especially members of the Catholic Church, to join us in opposing capital punishment out of respect for our common human dignity and in light of the teachings of Jesus about vengeance.”
The Catholic Conference also opposes the addition of a constitutional amendment to the Iowa Constitution that would provide a fundamental right to keep and bear arms.
It does, however, support an amendment that states there is no right to an abortion or funding of abortion in the Iowa Constitution.